Millions of people around the world suffer from Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), with statistics showing an alarming 11% global prevalence. The malady affects the gastrointestinal system, and severity may differ from person to person.
IBS is not lethal, but its symptoms are often bothersome, painful, and can lower one's quality of life. Only 30% of individuals that suffer from IBS seek medical attention.
3% of the people with the disorder suffer from Red flag symptoms of the condition such as; weight loss, rectal bleeding and anemia.
Patients that suffer from the chronic disease often experience, diarrhea (IBS-D), constipation (IBS C), bloating, pain or IBS-M (A combination of IBS ).
Reports originating from the late 19th and early 20th-century indicate that doctors made IBS diagnosis by exclusion of infectious or inflammatory diseases that included thorough investigations. At the time, people with the condition underwent unsuccessful surgeries because clinicians dint have a full grasp of the condition.
Since then, researchers have conducted a lot of successful studies, to form criteria that allow diagnosis without exclusion. Exclusion is often a costly and time-consuming process. The criteria are the Manning, Rome || and Rome ||| Criteria. The medical fraternity has not yet standardized the criteria, allowing for estimation specificity.
Who is More Prone to IBS?
Age Contrary to popular belief, IBS is not higher among senior citizens. IBS affects people across all age groups; from children to the elderly. 50% of the reported cases show that the sufferers started noticing IBS symptoms before the age cap of 35 Yrs. Gender
In most countries, all reported cases of IBS have predominantly come from women while Africa, South America, and South Asia have reported an equal number of cases from both from genders. Some specific countries in the three regions have reported a higher number of cases from men.
Relative risk IBS can pass down from generation to generation with those with family members with IBS reporting IBS symptoms, with the risk being twice as high. Twins with a parent with IBS pose an independent risk factor. Less than 20% of sets of twins reports IBS.
Economic classes A lower social, economic status, does not determine one's likelihood to suffer from IBS. Countries like Arica, Asia, and South America are reporting higher cases of IBS because there's currently a high rate of industrialization and urbanization. Industrialization and urbanization create more managerial roles which mean more stress, a common IBS cause.
IBS is more common than we think and its' necessary to take measures to reduce the effects of the symptoms because it can reduce one's quality of life.